The Jaguar, Panthera onca, is the sole member of the Panthera genus native to the Americas. It’s also the largest member of the cat family in both of both of these continents. Male Jaguars are approximately 100Kg and females about 80 Kg. The only cats larger than the Jaguar would be the Lion and the Tiger.
Even though it’s predominately a South American species, it’s located in central and North America too. From the northerly portions of its range it competes with the Cougar. The Jaguar ranges from Argentina in the south to Texas from the North.
The Jaguar can be confused with a Leopard. The Leopard comes from Africa, Europe and Asia, so no confusion regarding identification must happen in the wild. Jaguars have dots within their rosettes while Leopards don’t.
The term Panther is confusing. It’s occasionally used for any black, or close black Leopard or Jaguar. Black Jaguars are more common in the dense rainforest parts of the creature’s range. Those which come from the open areas generally have the spotted pattern generally related to this animal.
Previously, huge numbers of Jaguars were killed for their fur. The wearing of genuine fur is less fashionable right now, and the fur trade was reduced. Hunting of Jaguars does still happen, but the biggest long term threat is the loss of the habitat. The Amazon Jungle has been cleared.
Even though a Jaguar is a strong animal and might certainly kill a Human, the majority of them don’t. There’s evidence of these after individuals, but most times they don’t attack.
On the other hand, Jaguars are a true threat to domestic animals. They will even kill cows and horses many times their size. Several years ago some sheep were brought from Australia.
The only predator which the adult Jaguar has on property is the Human Being. But, there are a good deal of Humans and Jaguars frequently come into conflict with our savage and destructive species.
The Jaguar isn’t in immediate danger of extinction even though the trend at present is in that direction with generally decreasing amounts and rapid clearing of its habitat.
Although cats have the reputation of not drinking water, Jaguars seem very pleased to get wet. They are strong swimmers and are great at catching fish.